Struts 2 Example

Struts 2 Example explains step by step example of configuring Struts 2 with eclipse

Apache Struts 2, is a popular Java Model-View-Contraller (MVC) framework, which is developed by merging WebWork and Struts 1.x web frameworks.

Struts 2 have lot off difference with struts 1, struts 2 have implemented with an idea of convention over configuration, it also have many annotations in order to increase the developer productivity.

Features like interceptors, OGNL expression & value stack model are some of the benefits, you will get when you are developing with struts 2


When you deploy your struts 2 web application, you may get FilterDispatcher is deprecated! Please use the new filters! warning message, this is because FilterDispatcher filter is deprecated since Struts version 2.1.3, you need to re-configure your application with StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter

Required Libraries
  1. JDK 6
  2. Eclipse 3.7
  3. struts-

Following jar must be in classpath

  1. commons-fileupload-1.3.jar
  2. commons-io-2.0.1.jar
  3. commons-lang3-3.1.jar
  4. commons-logging-1.1.3.jar
  5. freemarker-2.3.19.jar
  6. javassist-3.11.0.GA.jar
  7. ognl-3.0.6.jar
  8. struts2-core-
  9. xwork-core-

You can see the project structure below

Struts 2 Example


<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib uri="/struts-tags" prefix="s"%>
	<s:form action="HelloUser">
		<s:textfield name="Name" label="Name" />
		<s:submit />


<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib uri="/struts-tags" prefix="s"%>
		<s:property value="message" />

Here is the action class, logic is implemented here

package net.javatips;

public class HelloUser {

private String message;
private String name;

public String execute() {
setMessage("Hello " + getName());
return "result";

public String getMessage() {
return message;

public void setMessage(String message) {
this.message = message;

public String getName() {
return name;

public void setName(String name) { = name;



Following is the struts 2 configuration, which will used for naviagating different page views

The name of this configuration file should be "struts.xml"

"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"
	<package name="default" extends="struts-default">
		<action name="HelloUser" class="net.javatips.HelloUser">
			<result name="result">/success.jsp</result>


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi=""
	xmlns="" xmlns:web=""

Struts 2 Example

Struts 2 Example

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